There are a number factors which cause lines and wrinkles on our face

The first signs of skin ageing are the result of deeper changes that seem invisible at first. You may start to notice the surface-level effects though, for example, dark circles under the eyes, fine lines and wrinkles, or the loss of skin radiance and skin texture

As we age further, our skin’s ability to renew itself slows and key building blocks such as elastin and collagen become damaged and aren’t produced at the same rate as before. As a result, your skin loses elasticity, and fine lines and wrinkles begin to deepen. In addition, your skin may appear duller  Dark spots and uneven pigmentation are a further sign of ageing, which is why they’re often called ‘age spots’.

With time, the skin’s barrier function also weakens, making it more sensitive to external stressors, such as heat or pollution. Skin may become dryer. Reduced blood circulation can cause paler skin and the loss of that rosy complexion.

As the clock keeps ticking, the muscles within the face lose elasticity too, causing a loss in volume. As we reach our 40s, fatty tissue from around the eyes and cheeks moves downwards towards the neck and jaw area causing sagging and a change in the shape of the face.

Other external factors

  • Sun exposure. Olay’s latest research reveals that external factors, including UV exposure, are more important than genetics when it comes to skin ageing1. It’s estimated that 80% of the visible signs of skin ageing, such as the majority of wrinkles, are caused by exposure to UV rays2. Despite common misconceptions, there’s no such thing as a healthy tan, bronzed skin is a sign that the sun’s ultraviolet rays have damaged the skin. However, it’s never too late to start looking after your skin by ensuring you wear a daily face cream with at least SPF40 all year round.
  • Pollution. Dirty air can exacerbate the skin ageing process and cause premature wrinkles and age spots. Keeping your skin’s protective barrier strong is an effective first line of defence against pollution.
  • Smoking. By accelerating your skin’s ageing, smoking may cause wrinkles and other premature signs of ageing. Wrinkles are usually deeper and more pronounced in smokers, and the smoke itself can contribute to skin dullness. For your skin’s appearance and naturally for your overall health, it’s best to stop smoking.
  • Facial expressions. Smiling, frowning and squinting can cause lines and wrinkles to appear. While we would never recommend smiling less to prevent those ‘laugh lines’, you may choose to wear glasses or sunglasses to prevent squinting, or try to do more of the things that bring you joy so that you frown less.
  • Weight changes. If you gain or lose a significant amount of weight, your skin has to stretch or retract in response. When weight fluctuates a lot, your skin’s elastic structure can become damaged, and it may not spring back as it may have done when you were younger. As we age, our skin naturally loses its youthful, elastic structure, and stretched skin from weight change can contribute significantly to the visible signs of skin ageing.
  • Not taking care of your skin. Not washing up your make-up in the evening, or not giving it enough hydration with a great n also result in visible signs of ageing. Taking care of your skin today will have its reward tomorrow.


Botox ™️ (Botulinum Type A) is used cosmetically to smooth out lines and wrinkles mainly on the face. It’s is a protein which  acts on the action of the muscle freezing the muscle and preventing it to contract in its natural way. As the muscles of the face are responsible for facial expression these in turn cause wrinkling of the skin by expression. When we age the skin loses its elasticity and strength causing the lines to be present even at rest these are called dynamic lines.  So Botox™️ targets specific muscles and is injected in liquid form to the muscles which cause this wrinkling . the most common areas of concern are

  1. Frown (between the brows
  2. Crows feet ( sides of eyes)
  3. Forehead

Other areas are correction of droopy mouth, bunny lines jaw slimming and neck lines . Botox lasts 3-6 months depending on the individual.

What are dermal fillers?

Dermal filler is made of Hyaluronic Acid (HA) which is a gel synthetically formed to imitate what we have naturally. HA is a natural occuring substance in the  human body which attracts water and plumpness to the skin. When we age it diminishes and combined with shinkage of fat pads, bone reabsorption and decrease in skin quality generally many of us loose facial volume and liones and wrinkles appear. We can have hollowing It’s now  created synthetically to fill in fine lines ,contour and create volume, and to revitalise the skin. Dermal fillers are gel like substances which range from a very fine filler for fine lines and wrinkles to a volumising which product, eg. to give a defined cheek bone. Fillers generally last between 6-12months depending on the area treated. Common treatment areas are Cheeks, lips, tear troughs, lip lines, droopy mouth lines , crows feet and jawline. The HA retains water so thats why it’s important to drink plenty of water to help with the longevity of the treatment.

At our clinic we provide a detailed consultation prior to any treatment and its bespoke to you. A full facial analysis is undertaken which takes approximately 30-45 minutes so we can provide a treatment plan bespoke to you.

For more info why not book a consultation 075218957182